Wednesday, November 01, 2006

Bhaja Govindam - Sloka 29

Hari Aum

Prostrations to my Guru. Prostrations to All.


“arthamanartham Bhaavaya nithyam
Nasthithatha suKha lesha sathyam
Puthrathapi Dhana Bhaajaam Bheethihi
Sarvathraisha vihithaa reethihi”

Word Meaning:
Artham: wealth
Anartham: calamitous
Bhaavaya: reflect
Nityam: constantly
Na asthi: there is not
Thathaha: from it
suKha leshaha: a little happiness
sathyam: truth
puthrathapi: even from his own son
Dhana Bhaajaam: to the rich
Bheethihi: there is fear
Sarvthra: everywhere
Eshaha: this
Vihithaa: is
Reethihi: the way

“Wealth is calamitous; reflect this constantly. The truth is that there is no happiness at all to be got from it. To the rich, there is fear even from his own son. This is the way of wealth everywhere.”

In this verse, the acharya again says that the possession of worldly objects cannot give happiness. The objects of the world don’t have happiness at all in them and it is because of ignorance of ones own nature, one desires for the possession of the object and struggles hard to get that. Though the objects of the world seem to give happiness in the beginning when it is possessed, later it will give only sorrow. None of the objects in the world is permanent it is always changing and hence cannot give permanent happiness. Also, the objects of the world have neither happiness nor sorrow, it is only the mind through the modifications of likes and dislikes seem to experience happiness from the object. Therefore, the external objects have no happiness, if at all it seems to give happiness it is only an indication about the arrival of sorrow.

We have to constantly reflect that the possessed objects as such don’t have any happiness, knowing the temporary nature of the objects. One can possess wealth, but one should not become slave to the wealth. Instead of wasting all the energy in possessing the wealth, we have to turn the mind towards the Self.
Shankara told in the very beginning of Bhaja Govindam,
“MooDa jaheehi Dhanaagama thishnaam
kurusadbuDhim manasi vithrishnaam
ellabasae nija karmo paatham
vittham tena vinodhaya chittam”

“O fool! Give up the thirst for acquiring wealth
Devote your mind to thoughts on the Reality
Be content with what comes
Through the actions that you did in the past”

Acharya here mentions that rich man fears from his own son. For a person who is more attached to the wealth, there will always be a sense of insecurity for the wealth and fears even from his own son. Therefore, we should give importance to the wealth only till what it deserves and not more than that.

Prostrations to all

Hari Aum



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