Tuesday, October 17, 2006

Bhaja Govindam - Sloka 26

Hari Aum

Prostrations to my Guru. Prostrations to All.


“kaamam krodham loBham moham
Tyatvaathmaanam pashyathi soham
Aathmajnaana viheena mooDaaha
thae pachyanthae narakanigooDaha”

Word Meaning:
Kaamam: desire
Krodham: anger
loBham: greed
moham: delusion
tyatvaa: having left
aathmaanam: the Self
pashyathi: sees (the seeker)
saha aham: “That I am”
aathma jnaana viheenaha: those who have not Self-knowledge
mooDaa: the fools
thae: they
pachyahthae: are tortured
naraka nigooDaaha: in hell as captives

Leaving desire, anger, greed and delusion, the seeker sees in the Self, “He am I”. They are fools who have not Self-Knowledge and they (consequently), as captives in hell are tortured.

The very nature of the mind is extroverted and because of the extroverted nature of the mind, the sees the objects of the world different from oneself. When there is a perception of duality, the mind which is causing the perception of the object might be conditioned with the modifications of likes and dislikes. When a person likes a particular object he desires to possess them and strive to achieve it. If he succeeds in achieving it he is happy, if not he becomes sad. So because of desire other emotions like anger, greed and delusion also comes up. Thus desire is the cause for other emotions, and ignorance is the cause for the desire. There is only one way to overcome the delusion that is by Ultimate Knowledge.

As long as there is ignorance of ones own nature of Self, the person will see the lord to be different from oneself. But when he turns the mind inward and fixes the mind on the Self through the Vedantic sadhana of Sravana, Manana and Nidhidhyasana, the seeker realizes the Self as non-dual and will realize that Self alone exists.

Mandukya Upanishad says,
“Sarvam hyathath brahmaa ayam aathma brahma”
“All this is verily Brahman. The Self is Brahman.”

When the seeker thus realizes the Self, he always rejoices in the non-dual bliss of the Self. In the last two lines, acharya says the consequences if there is no effort towards realizing ones own nature of Self. Realizing ones own nature of Self is the only goal for each and everyone and hence everyone have to seek the Self instead of seeking the objects of the world. If this is forgotten and when there is more desire to possess the objects of the world, the person goes into more and more darkness of ignorance and is also born again and again in this sorrowful world. Without renouncing the desire towards the worldly desire, there cannot be any permanent happiness.

Isavasyam says,
“Asuryaa naama te lokaah, andhena tamasaavritaah
Taanste pretya abhigacchanthi, ye cha aatma hano janaah”

“Those who kill the Self (by not knowing or realizing it), after giving up this body, again and again attain those worlds of Asuras or devils which are filled with darkness of ignorance (ignorance of the Self).”

The only way to realize the Self is by renouncing all the desires of the world and seek only the Ultimate Reality of Brahman.

Prostrations to all

Hari Aum



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